4. Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Canon of the Five Orders, 1572

To make the Doric order without pedestals, one should divide the total height into 20 parts, of which one part is to be taken for the module. The module will be further divided into 12 parts, as it is done for the Tuscan order. The base, together with the fillet on the top of the column, will take up 1 module; the trunk of the column, without the fillet on the top of the base will consist of 14 modules, the capital will be 1 module and finally the ornament will take 4 modules. At the same time these 4 modules make one-fourth of the column height, including teh base and the capital, as was stated earlier. The architrave takes up 1 module, the frieze and the cornice 1 1/2 modules each. Altogether they make 4 modules; after the addition of other elements, their total comes up to 20.

As mentioned in the introduction, this segment of the Doric order is taken from the Theater of Marcellus in Rome and retains the same proportions.

A. Cavetto
B. Dentils
C. Capital of the triglyph
D. Triglyph with 2 channels; the square spaces between the triglyphs are called metopes
E. Guttae
F. Top of the abacus
G. Annulets

This, another version of the doric order, has been taken from different fragments of Roman ruins. I Have put these elements together and found them succesful in practice.

A. Cyma recta
B. Modillion - All elements that support the corona are called so, regardless of their shape
C. Bead-and-reel

Back to Book IV, Chapter 3